Monster 8.3 Magnitude Earthquake Jolts Northern Chile – 1 Million Evacuate [Video]

Monster 8.3 Magnitude Earthquake Jolts Northern Chile – 1 Million Evacuate [Video]

Only 8 deaths have been reported so far in an 8.3 magnitude earthquake that hit northern Chile last night. There were many aftershocks that were over 6.0. It’s a miracle so few died. Over 1 million have now been evacuated. This morning, when I got up, Hawaii and California were under a Tsunami Watch. That has since expired. The damage in Chile from the apocalyptic event is massive. This took place 144 miles north of Santiago. Chile is one of the most active quake zones on the planet. The earthquake’s epicenter was 34 miles west of Illapel, a town of 30,000 people. Tremors were felt as far as Rio de Janeiro and at least one school in New Zealand had to be evacuated. Chile’s largest copper mines were not damaged – at least that is one good piece of news in the midst of the devastation that took place during a quake that went on for 3 full minutes.

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From the AP:

ILLAPEL, Chile (AP) — Thousands of residents of this small city in northern Chile were sleeping outside Thursday after a powerful earthquake destroyed their homes, forced more than 1 million to evacuate and killed at least eight people in the quake-prone South American nation.

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Several coastal towns were flooded from small tsunami waves set off by late Wednesday’s quake, which shook the Earth so strongly that rumbles were felt across South America.

The magnitude-8.3 quake lasted for three minutes, causing buildings to sway in the capital, Santiago, and prompting authorities to issue a tsunami warning for the Andean nation’s entire Pacific coast. People sought safety in the streets of inland cities, while others along the shore took to their cars to race to higher ground.

“I thought it was the end of the world and we were going to die,” said teary-eyed Manuel Moya, 38, sleeping with his wife on the ground outside their destroyed home in Illapel, 175 miles (280 kilometers) north of Santiago and 34 miles (55 kilometers) east of the quake’s epicenter. The town and surrounding areas have about 35,000 residents.

Moya said he and his wife were in bed and watching television when the quake hit. Fearing they would be killed if they remained inside, they ran outside in their underwear. By the end of the shaking, their home, made of concrete, had been reduced to rubble.

“They said it was a magnitude 8 but it felt like a 10,” said Moya, adding that neighbors had brought them clothes.

Speaking to the nation late Wednesday, President Michelle Bachelet urged people who had been evacuated to stay on high ground until authorities could evaluate the situation. Officials said schools would be closed in most of the country Thursday.

In the past year, the nation of 17 million has endured devastating floods in the north, wildfires in the south and two volcano eruptions.

“Once again we must confront a powerful blow from nature,” said Bachelet.

Authorities said eight people had been killed, a number that could climb as emergency crews are able to get into hard-hit areas on Thursday. Mahmud Aleuy, the Interior Ministry’s deputy secretary, said 1 million people were forced out of their homes and electrical power was cut off to 240,000 households.

Dozens of aftershocks, including one at magnitude-7 and seven at magnitude-6 or above, shook the region after the initial earthquake – the strongest tremor since a magnitude-8.8 quake and tsunami killed hundreds in 2010 and leveled part of the city of Concepcion in south-central Chile.

Tsunami advisories were in effect for Hawaii and parts of California. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center originally issued a tsunami watch for Hawaii but downgraded the alert to an advisory. Tsunami warnings in Chile were lifted early Thursday.

It appeared that Wednesday’s quake had a much smaller impact than the more powerful 2010 tremor. Chile’s traditionally strong risk-reduction measures and emergency planning have gotten better in the past five years.

“Earthquake impact is a little like real estate: What matters is location, location, location,” said Susan Hough, a geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey. “But it is true that preparedness and risk reduction in Chile is ahead of that in much of the world, and that makes a difference.”

The tremor was so strong that people in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the other side of the continent, felt it. People in Peru and Brazil also reported feeling the shakes. No injuries were reported outside of Chile.

Claudio Moreno was in a Santiago bar when the quake hit. The shaking was powerful, but more worrisome was how long it lasted, he said.

“We went out in the street when we felt it was going on too long,” he said. “It was more than a minute.”

The 2010 quake killed more than 500 people, destroyed 220,000 homes, and washed away docks, riverfronts and seaside resorts. That quake released so much energy it shortened the Earth’s day by a fraction of a second by changing the planet’s rotation.

The quake had huge ramifications, both political and practical, prompting the Andean nation to improve its alert systems for both quakes and tsunamis.

While Wednesday’s tremor was strong by any estimation, the 2010 quake was 5.6 times more powerful in terms of energy released, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

Chile is one of the world’s most earthquake-prone countries because just off the coast the Nazca tectonic plate plunges beneath the South American plate, pushing the towering Andes cordillera to ever-higher altitudes. The strongest earthquake ever recorded on Earth happened in Chile – a magnitude-9.5 tremor in 1960 that killed more than 5,000 people.

The Chilean government does expect the death toll to climb. It’s too early to tell just how bad it was. This one, as bad as it was, was not as deadly as the quake in 2010. It struck as thousands of Chileans were travelling to coastal areas to celebrate a week of national holidays. 17 million people live in Chile. People are now sleeping outside, afraid of the stability of their buildings and the aftershocks that are rolling through. In the past year, Chile has endured devastating floods in the north, wildfires in the south and two volcano eruptions. They have really, really been hit hard. Scientists said the quake, which could be a foreshock, struck offshore and was deeper, which is why it had “less energy” as compared to shallower quakes experienced locally. Everyone is terrified of what may still occur. The fact that this happened during the second Republican debate caught my eye as well. Hope that’s not a sign of things to come.

Terresa Monroe-Hamilton

Terresa Monroe-Hamilton is an editor and writer for Right Wing News. She owns and blogs at NoisyRoom.net. She is a Constitutional Conservative and NoisyRoom focuses on political and national issues of interest to the American public. Terresa is the editor at Trevor Loudon's site, New Zeal - trevorloudon.com. She also does research at KeyWiki.org. You can email Terresa here. NoisyRoom can be found on Facebook and on Twitter.

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